What is Professional Carpet Cleaning

Professional carpet cleaning and maintenance are probably the most misunderstood tasks of the professional cleaning industry. Often referred to only as dry cleaning or steam cleaning, this professional service has evolved over the time and today there are five basic methods being used to handle professionally carpets. “Steam cleaning” is simply not a good way to describe any of the existing methods of carpet cleaning commonly used nowadays.

There are many reasons to hire experts, one it prolongs the life of your carpets if you have them cleaned often. The dirt built deep in the carpets sticks together to early wear out the fibres of your flooring. Along with the many other good reasons is the good look of your home – it is undoubtedly better when your carpets are soil and stains free. Not to mention, the fact that regular professional treatment of your carpets improves the health of you and others around you.

If you wonder how to choose the proper carpet cleaning agency, there are few foolproof steps you can follow to avoid trouble. First take a look at google results, just search “carpet cleaning Mortlake” and take a glance at the few websites on the top. Check if they have money-back insurance policy and offer same day service. Then look at their prices, are they suspiciously low? If it looks too good to be true, it probably is, many companies try to lure clients by offering such incentives, however when you receive the bill at the end, you wont like it. Carpet cleaning firms should charge on a room based fee or on square foot, if they say anything else it is no good. Also read their testimonials, many new companies who do not have any feedback, write the customer reviews themselves, but guess what they are not any good at it, you will spot them from a mile. If the carpet cleaning company that you selected has everything in order go ahead and book.


Hot Water Extraction Method

The procedure commonly referred to as steam cleaning is known amongst professional cleaners as Hot water Extraction. The technician applies a pre-spray detergent and uses agitation and hot water rinse to remove cleaning agents and soil. Agitation can be in the form of machine applying high pressure with brushes or simply using a wand which vacuums up hot water sprayed onto the carpets to rinse the detergents. There are different types of cleaning agents that can be used, depending on whether or not the carpet is synthetic, natural or blend type.

Extraction is by far the most important process in this procedure. Since hot-water extraction method uses quite more water than other carpet cleaning methods such as bonnet or shampoo cleaning, thorough extraction and air flow are crucial to avoid drying issues. Drying time may also be reduced by extra use of air conditioning, fans or outdoor ventilation.

Older floorings, such as loose rugs with natural foundation yarns and double jute-backed carpets, could shrink after wet treatment. Newer types of carpets, such as with foundation yarns and synthetic backing, are more unlikely to shrink, and they smooth easily. The vast variety in carpet types and cleaning situations make a good reason to always turn to professional carpet cleaner who has had appropriate training and certifications.

Dry Compound Cleaning


This method uses a 98% biodegradable cleaning compound, instead of liquid cleaning agents. This powder is spread evenly on carpet by the technician and brushed or scrub in. For smaller areas, a household hand brush can effectively distribute the compound into the carpet pile. Dirt and grime are easily attracted to the cleaner and then vacuumed, leaving the treated area clean and completely dry. For commercial application is used a specially designed cylindrical counter rotating brushing system, and powerful vacuum cleaner. Machine scrubbing is more common, due to the fact that hand scrubbing generally removes only the top third of contamination from the carpet.

Encapsulation Method

In the 90s, new polymers began to literally encapsulate (crystallise) soil particles into dry residues when getting into contact. This process is working like “tiny sponges”, the deep cleaning compound crystals dissolve and absorb dirt, soil and dust prior to their removal from the carpet. Appropriate cleaning solution is applied by brush applicator, rotary machine, or compression sprayer. Dry residues can be vacuumed immediately, either separately or by a built-in unit of the cleaning system.

According to some specialists evidence suggests encapsulation highly improves carpet appearance, compared to other procedures; and it is favourable in terms of high-traffic needs, equipment expense, operator training and lack of wet residue. Encapsulation also has no drying time unlike carpet shampoo cleaning methods, making the flooring available for use right after the treatment.

Bonnet Cleaning Method

This procedure also suggests a pre-spray treatment. After the cleaner is applied onto the surface, a round buffer or “bonnet” rubs the mixture with circular motions. This kind of industrial machine resembles a floor buffer, with absorbent spin pad which attracts soil and is rinsed after cleaning or replaced repeatedly. The bonnet procedure is not strictly dry cleaning and requires significant drying time, and usually addresses only the top third of carpet pile, making it quite quick solution rather than a deep cleaning of dirt or odour as considered suitable for valuable carpets. To reduce the risk of pile distortion, the absorbent pad should be well-lubricated with cleaning solution.

When there are exotic materials on the carpet backing, extraction with a wet process may be preferable option. The spin bonnet method may not be capable to sanitise properly the carpet due to the lack of hot water, but a post cleaning application of antimicrobial agent can be used to fix this. Compared to steam cleaning procedure, the small amounts of water required with spin bonnet carpet cleaning favour water conservation considerations.

Shampoo Carpet Cleaning

Wet shampoo cleaning by rotary machines, followed by thorough wet-vacuuming, is widespread until the 1970s, but industry perceptions of shampoo method changed with the advent of encapsulation method. Hot-water extraction, is also considered preferable, haven’t been introduced either. Wet shampoos used to be formulated from coconut oil soaps. Shampoo residues can be sticky or foamy, and steam cleaning often reveals dirt remaining by shampoos. Since no rinse is used residues continue to collect dirt and dust after cleaning. This method is not so commonly used today by professional carpet cleaning companies.

There are many factors to take in mind when cleaning and maintaining your carpets. In most cases thorough carpet cleaning is not a DIY type of job and there are plenty of good reasons to opt for professional cleaning service in Sutton.

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One thought on “What is Professional Carpet Cleaning

  1. A great trick to reduce the dirt intake of your caprets is placing door mats, also declare your rugs as “no shoes area”.

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